Closed Head Injury

A closed head injury is a type of traumatic brain injury where the skull isn’t penetrated. These injuries can range from mild concussions to severe traumatic brain injuries with lasting consequences.

Common Causes of Closed Head Injuries

This type of injury typically happens when there is a sudden jolt or blow to the head. Common causes include:

Closed Head Injury Symptoms

Common symptoms of a traumatic brain injury include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Slowed thinking
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Mood changes or mood swings

Loss of consciousness may occur immediately following the head injury or may develop over time.

Treatment for Closed Head Injuries


Immediate medical evaluation is necessary following a closed head injury to assess the severity of the injury, rule out intracranial bleeding or swelling, and initiate appropriate treatment. Neurological assessments, imaging studies (CT scans, MRI scans), and cognitive testing help determine the extent of brain damage and guide treatment decisions.

Rest and Observation

Rest and observation are essential components of initial management for mild to moderate closed head injuries. Physical and cognitive rest helps minimize symptoms, reduce the risk of complications, and promote recovery of brain function.

Medication Management

Medications may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms associated with closed head injuries, including pain relievers, antiemetics, and medications to manage headache, nausea, and sleep disturbances. In some cases, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, or stimulants may be prescribed to address mood disorders, anxiety, or attention deficits.


Rehabilitation, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation, plays a crucial role in the recovery process for individuals with closed head injuries. Rehabilitation programs focus on improving motor function, coordination, balance, communication skills, and cognitive abilities to maximize functional independence and quality of life.

Personal Injury Cases in Georgia

In personal injury cases in Georgia involving closed head injuries, individuals may pursue legal remedies and seek compensation for damages incurred as a result of negligence, wrongful acts, or intentional harm. The following implications should be considered.

Establishing Liability

Establishing liability requires demonstrating that the defendant owed a duty of care to the plaintiff, breached that duty through negligent or intentional actions, and caused the plaintiff’s closed head injury. Eyewitness testimony, medical records, accident reconstructions, and expert testimony may be used to establish causation and liability in personal injury cases.

Documenting Damages

Documenting damages is essential for assessing the extent and severity of the closed head injury and quantifying economic and non-economic losses. Medical records, diagnostic imaging studies, treatment records, rehabilitation expenses, lost wages, and expert testimony are used to document damages and support compensation claims.

Evaluating Long-Term Consequences

Closed head injuries can have long-term consequences, including cognitive deficits, behavioral changes, mood disorders, and physical disabilities. Assessing the long-term impact of the closed head injury on the plaintiff’s quality of life, earning capacity, and functional abilities is essential for determining the value of the personal injury claim.

Navigating Legal Proceedings

Navigating legal proceedings requires experienced legal representation, advocacy, and negotiation skills to protect the rights and interests of injured individuals. Attorneys specializing in personal injury law in Georgia can provide legal guidance, representation, and support throughout the claims process and litigation, ensuring that injured individuals receive fair and just compensation for their losses and injuries.


In conclusion, closed head injuries are serious and potentially life-altering conditions that require prompt medical attention, comprehensive evaluation, and appropriate treatment. Personal injury lawyers can help victims of car accidents and other accidents seek compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering.