Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a medical condition characterized by damage to the brain resulting from an external force or trauma. TBIs can range from mild concussions to severe injuries with long-term or life-altering consequences. These injuries can impact cognitive, physical, and emotional functions, depending on the severity and location of the brain damage.

Our team of car accident doctors, chiropractors, and physical therapists has helped countless patients with brain injuries in Georgia. We can manage your injury treatments and connect you with a personal injury lawyer. Call us today at 1-800-HURT911 or 855-475-2588!

Types and Severity of TBIs

Mild TBI (Concussion)

Mild TBIs, often referred to as concussions, involve temporary cognitive and neurological dysfunction. While they may not show abnormalities on imaging, they can still lead to a range of symptoms such as headaches, memory problems, and mood disturbances.

Moderate TBI

Moderate TBIs result in more significant brain damage, causing prolonged periods of unconsciousness (coma) or amnesia. These injuries may require surgical intervention or long-term rehabilitation.

Severe TBI

Severe TBIs involve extensive brain damage and often lead to profound and lasting cognitive, physical, and behavioral impairments. These injuries can have a significant impact on an individual’s quality of life.

Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injuries can occur due to various causes, including falls and car accidents.


Falls are one of the leading causes of traumatic brain injury, particularly among children and older adults. Falls from heights, such as stairs or ladders, or falls on slippery or uneven surfaces can result in head injuries.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

Car accidents, motorcycle accidents, and pedestrian accidents are significant causes of traumatic brain injury. The sudden impact or whiplash motion can cause the brain to collide with the skull, leading to injury.

Sports Injuries

Participation in contact sports like football, soccer, or boxing increases the risk of traumatic brain injury, particularly concussions. Even seemingly minor blows to the head can cause brain injury, especially if repeated over time.


Intentional acts of violence, such as assaults or physical altercations, can result in traumatic brain injury. Blows to the head from punches, kicks, or weapons can cause significant damage to the brain.

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury

The symptoms of traumatic brain injury can vary depending on the severity and location of the injury, but common signs include:

  • Headache or pressure in the head
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Blurred vision or ringing in the ears
  • Sensory disturbances, such as loss of smell or taste
  • Cognitive difficulties, such as memory problems or difficulty concentrating
  • Mood changes, including irritability, depression, or anxiety
  • Changes in sleep patterns, such as insomnia or excessive drowsiness

In severe cases of traumatic brain injury, additional symptoms may include seizures, slurred speech, weakness or numbness in the limbs, and loss of consciousness.


Diagnosing traumatic brain injury typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests, including:

  • Neurological Evaluation: A healthcare provider will conduct a thorough neurological examination to assess cognitive function, motor skills, reflexes, and sensory responses.
  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests such as CT scans or MRI scans may be performed to visualize the brain and detect any structural abnormalities, bleeding, or swelling.
  • Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS): The Glasgow Coma Scale is a standardized tool used to assess the severity of traumatic brain injury based on a person’s level of consciousness, eye movements, and motor responses.
  • Neuropsychological Testing: Neuropsychological tests may be administered to evaluate cognitive function, memory, attention, and other aspects of brain function.

Treatments for Traumatic Brain Injury

The treatment approach for traumatic brain injury depends on the severity and type of injury but may include:

Observation and Monitoring

For mild cases of traumatic brain injury, observation and monitoring may be sufficient, with symptoms improving over time with rest and symptom management.


Medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms such as pain, nausea, seizures, or mood disturbances associated with traumatic brain injury.

Rehabilitation Therapy

Rehabilitation therapy plays a crucial role in the recovery process for traumatic brain injury, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation. These therapies help individuals regain lost skills, improve function, and maximize independence.

Surgical Intervention

In severe cases of traumatic brain injury, surgery may be necessary to remove blood clots, repair skull fractures, or relieve pressure on the brain caused by swelling or hematoma.

Supportive Care

Supportive care, including counseling, support groups, and assistance with activities of daily living, can help individuals and their families cope with the physical, emotional, and cognitive challenges of traumatic brain injury.

Call 1-800-HURT911 Now

If you have been injured in a car accident, a slip and fall, or other accident in Georgia, HURT911 is here to help! We can manage your injury treatments, help you avoid years of chronic pain, and set you up with a personal injury attorney. Our goal is to speed up your recovery and make sure you get the compensation you deserve.

Our Process

  • After your accident, we’ll set you up with an attorney and schedule your medical evaluation immediately.
  • You’ll get treated at one of our convenient Georgia locations with no out-of-pocket costs to you.
  • Continue your medical treatment per your doctor’s recommendations.
  • We’ll work with your lawyer so you get the money you deserve.

When you call 1-800-HURT911, you will have peace of mind knowing that your personal injury case is in the best hands. Contact us today!