Acute Injury

An acute injury refers to a sudden and typically severe physical trauma or harm that occurs to an individual’s body. Acute injuries can arise from a variety of circumstances, including car accidents, slip and fall accidents, workplace incidents, sports injuries, and other accidents.

Understanding acute injuries is essential both from a medical standpoint for proper diagnosis and treatment and from a legal perspective for assessing liability and seeking compensation in personal injury cases.

Our team of doctors, chiropractors, and physical therapists have helped countless patients in Georgia. We can manage your injury treatments and connect you with a personal injury lawyer. Call us today at 1-800-HURT911 or 855-475-2588!

What Is an Acute Injury?

An acute injury is characterized by its sudden onset and immediate impact on the body. This type of injury can damage muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, nerves, or organs. Examples of acute injuries include fractures, sprains, strains, dislocations, lacerations, burns, concussions, and other forms of trauma.

Common Acute Injuries in Car Accidents


Fractures are breaks or cracks in bones and are common in car accidents due to the high-impact forces involved. They can vary in severity, from hairline fractures to compound fractures where the bone breaks through the skin. Fractures can occur in any bone but are frequently seen in the arms, legs, ribs, and pelvis.


A sprain involves the stretching or tearing of ligaments, which are the tissues that connect bones to each other at joints. Car accidents can cause sudden and forceful movements that strain or overextend ligaments, leading to sprains. Commonly affected areas include the ankles, wrists, and knees.


Strains occur when muscles or tendons are stretched or torn, often due to sudden movements or impact. In car accidents, strains commonly affect the neck, back, and shoulders. Whiplash, a type of strain, is particularly associated with rear-end collisions and involves rapid forward and backward movement of the neck.


Dislocations happen when the ends of bones are forced out of their normal positions at a joint. Car accidents can exert enough force to cause dislocations, especially in the shoulders, elbows, and knees. Dislocations often result in severe pain, swelling, and limited range of motion.


Burns can occur in car accidents due to fires, explosions, or contact with hot surfaces or liquids. They can range from minor first-degree burns, affecting only the outer layer of skin, to severe third-degree burns, which penetrate deeper tissues and may require extensive medical treatment and skin grafts.

Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common in car accidents, particularly when there is a direct blow to the head or rapid deceleration forces. TBIs can vary in severity, from mild concussions to severe traumatic brain injuries with long-term cognitive and functional impairments. Symptoms may include headache, confusion, memory problems, and changes in mood or behavior.


Whiplash is a neck injury caused by sudden back-and-forth movement of the head, often seen in rear-end collisions. It can result in soft tissue damage, muscle strain, and cervical spine injuries. Symptoms of whiplash may include neck pain, stiffness, headaches, and dizziness.

Back Injuries

Car accidents can cause a range of back injuries, including muscle strains, herniated discs, and vertebral fractures. These injuries can lead to chronic pain, limited mobility, and nerve damage, impacting a person’s ability to perform daily activities.

Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal cord injuries occur when the spinal cord is damaged, often due to a traumatic impact or compression. These injuries can result in partial or complete loss of sensation and motor function below the level of injury. Spinal cord injuries can have significant long-term consequences, including paralysis and loss of bladder and bowel control.

Acute injury. Medical assistant putting bandage on patient's hand.

Symptoms of an Acute Injury

Symptoms of acute injuries vary depending on the nature and severity of the injury but may include pain, swelling, bruising, limited range of motion, bleeding, difficulty breathing, dizziness, nausea, and loss of consciousness.

Prompt recognition and assessment of symptoms are crucial for providing timely medical intervention and preventing further complications.

Acute Injury Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis of acute injuries typically involves a comprehensive physical examination, medical history review, imaging tests (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans), and other diagnostic procedures as necessary.

Treatment for acute injuries may include rest, immobilization, chiropractic care, physical therapy, pain management, medication, surgery, and other interventions tailored to the specific injury and individual patient needs.

Personal Injury Claims in Georgia

In Georgia, individuals who sustain acute injuries due to the negligent or wrongful actions of another party may be entitled to pursue compensation for their damages through a personal injury claim. Acute injuries resulting from car accidents, slips and falls, medical malpractice, defective products, premises liability, and other incidents may form the basis of a personal injury lawsuit.

Proving Negligence

To succeed in a personal injury claim in Georgia, the injured party (plaintiff) must establish the following elements.

  • Duty of care: The defendant had a responsibility to show reasonable care in a given situation.
  • Breach of duty: The defendant did not exercise reasonable care. Examples include speeding or running a red light.
  • Causation: The defendant’s behavior directly caused the accident and the resulting injuries.
  • Damages: The plaintiff suffered actual damages, such as medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other related losses.

Statute of Limitations

In Georgia, the statute of limitations for filing a personal injury lawsuit is generally two years from the date of the accident or injury. Failing to file a claim within this timeframe may result in the forfeiture of the right to seek compensation.

Comparative Negligence

Georgia follows a modified comparative negligence rule, which means that if the plaintiff is found to be partially at fault for the accident or injury, their total compensation may be reduced proportionally to their percentage of fault. However, if the plaintiff is deemed to be 50% or more at fault, they may be barred from recovering any compensation.


In summary, acute injuries represent sudden and often severe physical traumas. Seeking medical treatment right away is crucial. A knowledgeable personal injury attorney can help injured individuals navigate the complexities of personal injury law and pursue the compensation they deserve.

Call 1-800-HURT911 Now

If you have been injured in a car accident, slip and fall, or other accident in Georgia, HURT911 is here to help! We can manage your injury treatments, help you avoid years of chronic pain, and set you up with a personal injury attorney. Our goal is to help speed up your recovery and make sure you get the compensation you deserve.

Our Process

  • After your accident, we’ll set you up with an attorney and schedule your medical evaluation immediately.
  • You’ll get treated at one of our convenient Georgia locations with no out-of-pocket costs to you.
  • Continue your medical treatment per your doctor’s recommendations.
  • We’ll work with your lawyer so you get the money you deserve.

When you call 1-800-HURT911, you will have peace of mind knowing that your personal injury case is in the best hands. Contact us today!


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